Sunday, August 20, 2017

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 333 – Part IV.



YOUCAT Question n. 333 – Part IV. Is there a natural law that everyone can know?


(Youcat answer - repeated) If people are to do good and avoid evil, certainty about what is good or evil must be inscribed within them. In fact there is such a moral law that is, so to speak, “natural” to men and can be known in principle by every person by reason.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 1955 a) The "divine and natural" law (GS 89 § 1) shows man the way to follow so as to practice the good and attain his end. The natural law states the first and essential precepts which govern the moral life. It hinges upon the desire for God and submission to him, who is the source and judge of all that is good, as well as upon the sense that the other is one's equal. Its principal precepts are expressed in the Decalogue. This law is called "natural," not in reference to the nature of irrational beings, but because reason which decrees it properly belongs to human nature: Where then are these rules written, if not in the book of that light we call the truth? In it is written every just law; from it the law passes into the heart of the man who does justice, not that it migrates into it, but that it places its imprint on it, like a seal on a ring that passes onto wax, without leaving the ring (St. Augustine, De Trin. 14, 15, 21: PL 42,1052).1955 a

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) The natural moral law is valid for everyone. It tells men what fundamental rights and duties they have and thus forms the real foundation for life together in the family, in society, and in the State. Because our natural knowledge is often troubled by sin and human weakness, a person needs God’s help and his Revelation in order to stay on the right path.

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 1955 b)  The natural law is nothing other than the light of understanding placed in us by God; through it we know what we must do and what we must avoid. God has given this light or law at the creation  (St. Thomas Aquinas, Dec. praec. I).

(This question: Is there a natural law that everyone can know? is continued)

Saturday, August 19, 2017

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 333 – Part III.



YOUCAT Question n. 333 – Part III. Is there a natural law that everyone can know?


(Youcat answer - repeated) If people are to do good and avoid evil, certainty about what is good or evil must be inscribed within them. In fact there is such a moral law that is, so to speak, “natural” to men and can be known in principle by every person by reason.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 1953) The moral law finds its fullness and its unity in Christ. Jesus Christ is in person the way of perfection. He is the end of the law, for only he teaches and bestows the justice of God: "For Christ is the end of the law, that every one who has faith may be justified" (Rom 10:4).

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) The natural moral law is valid for everyone. It tells men what fundamental rights and duties they have and thus forms the real foundation for life together in the family, in society, and in the State. Because our natural knowledge is often troubled by sin and human weakness, a person needs God’s help and his Revelation in order to stay on the right path.

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 1954) Man participates in the wisdom and goodness of the Creator who gives him mastery over his acts and the ability to govern himself with a view to the true and the good. The natural law expresses the original moral sense which enables man to discern by reason the good and the evil, the truth and the lie: The natural law is written and engraved in the soul of each and every man, because it is human reason ordaining him to do good and forbidding him to sin… But this command of human reason would not have the force of law if it were not the voice and interpreter of a higher reason to which our spirit and our freedom must be submitted (Leo XIII, Libertas praestantissimum, 597).  

(This question: Is there a natural law that everyone can know? is continued)

Friday, August 18, 2017

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 333 – Part II.



YOUCAT Question n. 333 – Part II. Is there a natural law that everyone can know?


(Youcat answer - repeated) If people are to do good and avoid evil, certainty about what is good or evil must be inscribed within them. In fact there is such a moral law that is, so to speak, “natural” to men and can be known in principle by every person by reason.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 1951) Law is a rule of conduct enacted by competent authority for the sake of the common good. The moral law presupposes the rational order, established among creatures for their good and to serve their final end, by the power, wisdom, and goodness of the Creator. All law finds its first and ultimate truth in the eternal law. Law is declared and established by reason as a participation in the providence of the living God, Creator and Redeemer of all. "Such an ordinance of reason is what one calls law" (Leo XIII, Libertas praestantissimum: AAS 20 (1887/88), 597; cf. St. Thomas Aquinas, STh I-II, 90, 1). Alone among all animate beings, man can boast of having been counted worthy to receive a law from God: as an animal endowed with reason, capable of understanding and discernment, he is to govern his conduct by using his freedom and reason, in obedience to the One who has entrusted everything to him (Cf. Tertullian, Adv. Marc, 2, 4: PL 2, 288-289).    

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) The natural moral law is valid for everyone. It tells men what fundamental rights and duties they have and thus forms the real foundation for life together in the family, in society, and in the State. Because our natural knowledge is often troubled by sin and human weakness, a person needs God’s help and his Revelation in order to stay on the right path.

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 1952) There are different expressions of the moral law, all of them interrelated: eternal law - the source, in God, of all law; natural law; revealed law, comprising the Old Law and the New Law, or Law of the Gospel; finally, civil and ecclesiastical laws.

(This question: Is there a natural law that everyone can know? is continued)

Thursday, August 17, 2017

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 333 – Part I.



YOUCAT Question n. 333 – Part I. Is there a natural law that everyone can know?


(Youcat answer) If people are to do good and avoid evil, certainty about what is good or evil must be inscribed within them. In fact there is such a moral law that is, so to speak, “natural” to men and can be known in principle by every person by reason.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 1949) Called to beatitude but wounded by sin, man stands in need of salvation from God. Divine help comes to him in Christ through the law that guides him and the grace that sustains him: Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling; for God is at work in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure (Phil 2:12-13).

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) The natural moral law is valid for everyone. It tells men what fundamental rights and duties they have and thus forms the real foundation for life together in the family, in society, and in the State. Because our natural knowledge is often troubled by sin and human weakness, a person needs God’s help and his Revelation in order to stay on the right path.

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 1950) The moral law is the work of divine Wisdom. Its biblical meaning can be defined as fatherly instruction, God's pedagogy. It prescribes for man the ways, the rules of conduct that lead to the promised beatitude; it proscribes the ways of evil which turn him away from God and his love. It is at once firm in its precepts and, in its promises, worthy of love. (CCC 1975) According to Scripture the Law is a fatherly instruction by God which prescribes for man the ways that lead to the promised beatitude, and proscribes the ways of evil.

(This question: Is there a natural law that everyone can know? is continued)

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 332 – Part III.



YOUCAT Question n. 332 – Part III. How is the solidarity of Christians with other people expressed?


(Youcat answer - repeated) Christians are committed to just societal structures. Part of this is universal access to the material, intellectual, and spiritual goods of this world. Christians also make sure that the dignity of human work is respected, which includes a just wage. Handing on the faith is also an act of solidarity with all mankind.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 1942 a) The virtue of solidarity goes beyond material goods. In spreading the spiritual goods of the faith, the Church has promoted, and often opened new paths for, the development of temporal goods as well.

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) Solidarity is the practical hallmark of a Christian. Practicing solidarity is not just a command of reason. Jesus Christ, our Lord, identified completely with the poor and the lowly (Mt 25:40). To refuse solidarity with them would be to reject Christ.

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 1942 b) And so throughout the centuries has the Lord's saying been verified: "Seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things shall be yours as well" (Mt 6:33): For two thousand years this sentiment has lived and endured in the soul of the Church, impelling souls then and now to the heroic charity of monastic farmers, liberators of slaves, healers of the sick, and messengers of faith, civilization, and science to all generations and all peoples for the sake of creating the social conditions capable of offering to everyone possible a life worthy of man and of a Christian (Pius XII, Discourse, June 1, 1941).
 
(The next question is: Is there a natural law that everyone can know?)