Thursday, June 29, 2017

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 306.



YOUCAT Question n. 306 - Why are faith, hope, and charity virtues?


(Youcat answer) Faith, hope, and charity, too, are genuine powers-bestowed by God, of coursethat a person can develop and consolidate with the grace of God so as to obtain “the abundant life” (see Jn 10:10).

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 1841) There are three theological virtues: faith, hope, and charity. They inform all the moral virtues and give life to them.

Reflecting and meditating 

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 1840) The theological virtues dispose Christians to live in a relationship with the Holy Trinity. They have God for their origin, their motive, and their object - God known by faith, God hoped in and loved for his own sake.  

(The next question is: What is faith?)

Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 305.



YOUCAT Question n. 305 - What are the three supernatural virtues?


(Youcat answer) The supernatural virtues are faith, hope, and charity. They are called “supernatural” because they have their foundation in God, are directly related to God, and are for us men the way by which we can reach God directly.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 1812) The human virtues are rooted in the theological virtues, which adapt man's faculties for participation in the divine nature (Cf. 2 Pet 1:4): for the theological virtues relate directly to God. They dispose Christians to live in a relationship with the Holy Trinity. They have the One and Triune God for their origin, motive, and object. (CCC 1840) The theological virtues dispose Christians to live in a relationship with the Holy Trinity. They have God for their origin, their motive, and their object - God known by faith, God hoped in and loved for his own sake. 

Reflecting and meditating 

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 1813) The theological virtues are the foundation of Christian moral activity; they animate it and give it its special character. They inform and give life to all the moral virtues. They are infused by God into the souls of the faithful to make them capable of acting as his children and of meriting eternal life. They are the pledge of the presence and action of the Holy Spirit in the faculties of the human being. There are three theological virtues: faith, hope, and charity (Cf. 1 Cor 13:13).

(The next question is: Why are faith, hope, and charity virtues?)

Tuesday, June 27, 2017

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 304.



YOUCAT Question n. 304 - Why is it virtuous to be moderate?


(Youcat answer) Moderation is a virtue because immoderate behavior proves to be a destructive force in all areas of life.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 1809 a) Temperance is the moral virtue that moderates the attraction of pleasures and provides balance in the use of created goods. It ensures the will's mastery over instincts and keeps desires within the limits of what is honorable. The temperate person directs the sensitive appetites toward what is good and maintains a healthy discretion: "Do not follow your inclination and strength, walking according to the desires of your heart" (Sir 5:2; cf. 37:27-31). Temperance is often praised in the Old Testament: "Do not follow your base desires, but restrain your appetites" (Sir 18:30). In the New Testament it is called "moderation" or "sobriety." We ought "to live sober, upright, and godly lives in this world" (Titus 2:12).

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) Someone who is immoderate abandons himself to the rule of his impulses, offends others by his inordinate desires, and harms himself. In the New Testament words like “sobriety” and “discretion” stand for “moderation”.

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 1809 b) To live well is nothing other than to love God with all one's heart, with all one's soul and with all one's efforts; from this it comes about that love is kept whole and uncorrupted (through temperance). No misfortune can disturb it (and this is fortitude). It obeys only [God] (and this is justice), and is careful in discerning things, so as not to be surprised by deceit or trickery (and this is prudence) (St. Augustine, De moribus eccl. 1, 25, 46: PL 32, 1330-1331). (CCC 1838) Temperance moderates the attraction of the pleasures of the senses and provides balance in the use of created goods.

(The next question is: What are the three supernatural virtues?)

Monday, June 26, 2017

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 303.



YOUCAT Question n. 303 - What does it mean to have fortitude?


(Youcat answer) Someone who practices fortitude perseveres in his commitment to the good, once he has recognized it, even if in the extreme case he must sacrifice even his own life for it.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 1808) Fortitude is the moral virtue that ensures firmness in difficulties and constancy in the pursuit of the good. It strengthens the resolve to resist temptations and to overcome obstacles in the moral life. The virtue of fortitude enables one to conquer fear, even fear of death, and to face trials and persecutions. It disposes one even to renounce and sacrifice his life in defense of a just cause. "The Lord is my strength and my song" (Ps 118:14). "In the world you have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world" (Jn 16:33).   

Reflecting and meditating 

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 1837) Fortitude ensures firmness in difficulties and constancy in the pursuit of the good.

(The next question is: Why is it virtuous to be moderate?)

Sunday, June 25, 2017

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 302.



YOUCAT Question n. 302 - How does one act justly?


(Youcat answer) One acts justly by always making sure to give to God and to one’s neighbor what is due to them.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 1807 a) Justice is the moral virtue that consists in the constant and firm will to give their due to God and neighbor. Justice toward God is called the "virtue of religion." Justice toward men disposes one to respect the rights of each and to establish in human relationships the harmony that promotes equity with regard to persons and to the common good.

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) The guiding principle of justice is: “To each his due”. A child with a disability and a highly gifted child must be encouraged in different ways so that each may fulfill his potential. Justice is concerned with equity and longs to see people get that to which they are entitled. We must allow justice to govern our relations with God also and give him what is his: our love and worship.

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 1807 b) The just man, often mentioned in the Sacred Scriptures, is distinguished by habitual bright thinking and the uprightness of his conduct toward his neighbor. "You shall not be partial to the poor or defer to the great, but in righteousness shall you judge your neighbor" (Lev 19:15). "Masters, treat your slaves justly and fairly, knowing that you also have a Master in heaven" (Col 4:1). (CCC 1836) Justice consists in the firm and constant will to give God and neighbor their due.

(The next question is: What does it mean to have fortitude?)